Colposcopy is a 15 minute in-office procedure performed by Dr. O’Sullivan that is used to evaluate the cervix after an abnormal Pap smear. The colposcope machine magnifies the cervix and enables Dr. O’Sullivan to see abnormal cells on the cervix or vagina. A biopsy, or sampling of cells, may be taken from either the outside or inside of the cervix. The results of these biopsies will determine the next step in your treatment. After colposcopy, most women are followed with Pap smears every six months until the abnormal cells go away. If your biopsy results show high level abnormality, you may need a LEEP conization.